Historic Direct Action Movements
The New Negro Alliance in Washington, D.C. had the largest and most successful direct action movement of the 1920s through the 1940s. The movement included boycotts, picketing, the arrest of protesters, and court cases including the U.S. Supreme Court case, New Negro Alliance et al. v. Sanitary Grocery Co., Inc. The March 1938 case had a profound effect on similar movements around the country and laid the foundation for future U.S. civil rights cases.