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Peanuts and the Atlantic Slave Trade Part 1

Dr. Brian Ward of Clemson University holding a Carolina African Runner Peanut plant
In my book Hog and Hominy I show that before the 19th century, the Portuguese introduced South American plants to the coast of West and Central Africa including peanuts.  Overtime African farmers incorporated the plant into their fields and cookery particularly as one pot meals. Enslaved Africans then introduced peanuts to North Americans during the African slave trade. In colonial America, particular the south, most considered them poor folks food or slave vittles. Dr. David Shields of the University of South Carolina tracked down a Carolina African Runner Peanut, one of the first peanut plants that Africans introduced to the Carolinas. He then introduced the plant to Clemson University in South Carolina which is now cultivating the plant to reintroduce into southern fields. 

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More Nutty Stories with Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Peanuts

The Atlantic Slave Trade and Food: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Atlantic+Slave+Trade

Author Jon Krampner on the History of Peanuts: http://www.creamyandcrunchy.com/

David Shields on the Splendid Table: [Listen Now 5 min 30 sec] http://www.splendidtable.org/story/duo-brings-great-southern-flavors-back-from-near-extinction

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Studying, Marketing and Cooking Lowcountry Food