Welcome to Dr. Frederick Douglass Opie's personal website

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Festivals and Food: Origins of the Pinkster Celebration

Related Links Below
Shane White, “Pinkster: Afro-Dutch Syncretization in New York City”: http://www.albanyweblog.com/2011/05-May/05-08-11_Ref_01.html

Claire Sponsler, Ritual Imports: Performing Medieval Drama in America [See Chapter 2]  (Ithaca, N.Y. : Cornell University Press, 2004): http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/ahr/112.3/br_99.html

Pinkster As One of Many Coronation Festivals

Malcolm X The Gardener