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Domestic Servants and the Civil Rights Movement

Domestic worker walking during the Montgomery Bus Boycott, pound cake recipes below  
Today lets look at the agency of domestic servants in the Montgomery Bus Boycott (see earlier post on the boycott http://frederickdouglassopie.blogspot.com/search?q=montgomery). In order for the boycott to work, dozens of domestic servants had to agree to stay off the Jim Crow buses in Montgomery, Alabama. This meant that the majority of domestic servants had to walk back and forth to work or to the newly established Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) car pool locations that shuttled them between their neighborhoods and closer proximity to their jobs. We often talk about the role Martin Luther King (MLK) played in maintaining solidarity among the often fragmented leadership of the MIA and how his oratory help maintain the morale of the rank and file members of the MIA, he no doubt played an important role. But ultimately I argued the domestic servants also played a critical role too. Without out agreeing to walk instead of ride on the busses, the boycott would have failed. When a reporter asked one such domestic how she was holding up with so much walking during the boycott which lasted for 13months between 1955 and 1956 she responded, “My feet is tired, but my soul is rested.” 

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Pound Cake Recipe:
1 pound butter 
3 cups sugar
5 eggs 
3 cups cake flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon baking powder
1 cup soy milk
A splash of vanilla, almond, or lemon extract

Method:
Mix butter, sugar, and eggs. Beat until light. Sift flour, baking powder, and salt. Add slowly to butter mixture alternating with milk. Bake for about an hour and some change at 325


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