Mary McLeod Bethune (1875-1955) founded The National Council of Negro Women (NCNW), a non-profit organization in 1935 during the Depression. Bethune worked principally as an educator and later she served as member of President Franklin D. Roosevelt “Black Cabinet” advising the president on issues related his African American constituency. NCNW programs focused on improving the lives and opportunities for people in the United States and Africa. For example it published under the direction of the NCNW’s Dorothy I. Height (1912-2010) http://www.npr.org/2011/02/17/133839602/dorothy-height-queen-of-black-womens-empowerment, The Black Family Dinner Quilt Cookbook (first edition 1993). Still in publication, the book is an important part of the organizations national obesity abatement initiative which provides excellent tips for cooking heart-healthy soul food which I also talk about in my book Hog and Hominy http://cup.columbia.edu/book/978-0-231-14638-8/hog-and-hominy. NCNW’s cook book suggests cooking and baking with margarine or liquid vegetable oils such as canola oil, safflower oil, or olive oil, instead of lard. Other instructions for heart-healthy meals include roasting, baking, broiling, grilling, and stir-frying instead of deep-fat frying. Use smoked turkey, turkey bacon, and imitation soy meat products instead of ham hocks, fatback, and bacon to season greens and other vegetables. Remove most of the skin (which is primarily fat) from poultry before cooking. Eat more fiber-rich foods such as legumes, whole grain products, fruits and vegetables, brown rice, red potatoes, and whole wheat, spelt, or spinach pasta. Avoid organ meats as much as possible. Use olive oil and vinegar and vegetable-based mayonnaise dressing instead of real mayonnaise-based dressings. Eat soy or rice milk ice cream with zero cholesterol instead of high cholesterol ice cream.