Welcome to Dr. Frederick Douglass Opie's personal website

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Your Contempt Can Fill My Pie


Apple cobbler, recipes below
In the British Empire elites viewed raw fruit as unhealthy and held them in contempt. As a result the poor obtained peaches, apples, and berries etc inexpensively and perfected the art of making tarts and cobblers from the discarded uncooked pie crust of bakers of meat pies. In colonial America, the cobbler (also called bucklers) became a coveted dessert baked on special occasions like weddings. Enslaved Africans in the Americas adapted the English penchant for pies adding African yams and American sweet potatoes (which many considered slave food) as fillings. 



Two Old Culinary Traditions

Andean Brew Part 2