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Before the 1960 Student Sit-in Movement in Greensboro, North Carolina

Photo: North Carolina A & T students who started the student sit-in movement in 1960

On February 1, 1960, 50 years ago today, students Ezell A. Blair Jr., David Leinhail Richmond, Joseph Alfred McNeil, and Franklin Eugene McCain from North Carolina A & T started the student sit-in movement in Greensboro, North Carolina. It’s only fitting that I dedicate today’s post to that movement and one of eateries that feed African Americans before the end of segregated restaurants in that city. In Greensboro, North Carolina, Barry’s Grill was one of the most popular places in the city’s African-American community. Betty Johnson of Attalla, Alabama, briefly attended North Carolina A& T in the 1950s. I talk about places like Barry's Grill in a chapter of my book Hog and Hominy that I call Eating Jim Crow http://cup.columbia.edu/book/978-0-231-14638-8/hog-and-hominy/excerpt. Before the 1960 student sit-in movement at the Woolworth’s and S. H. Kress store lunch counters, fear of white hostility dissuaded her and her classmates from ever trying to enter white restaurants in downtown Greensboro. Instead, they enjoyed the fried chicken and pork chops available at black-owned Barry’s Grill. Reading about the Greensboro sit-ins on February 1, 1960 gave students at other historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) the courage to face white aggression and launch similar movements throughout the south. Here are two recipes for smothered pork chops that reminds me of Barry’s Grill. One is healthy and traditional the other is for my vegan readers:

Smothered Pork Chop recipe: http://recipes.sparkpeople.com/recipe-detail.asp?recipe=622180

Vegan Smothered Pork Chop recipe: http://www.vegetariantimes.com/recipes/11136?section=

Langston Hughes on Food in Lodging in the Jim Crow South

Feeding the Revolution in Albany, Georgia